My research seeks to understand the cross-national causes and consequences of political violence. More specifically, I study why the interaction of states and dissidents turns violent or not and what kinds of violence develop. I am interested in topics, such as, insurgency, civil war, interstate war, and terrorism. Importantly, I examine the interplay between different forms of political violence and whether they have similar or distinct sets of explanations. While my research is mostly cross-national, I am particularly interested in Latin America.
Related, I explore how states gain their income and how this process influences democracy, governance, human rights, and state repression.